Milkiyah: Jurnal Hukum Ekonomi Syariah http://jurnal.stainmajene.ac.id/index.php/milkiyah <p><strong>Milkiyah</strong> is a journal published in February and August with six articles per issue presenting research articles and conceptual papers. <strong>Articles are published either in Indonesian or English</strong>. <!--/data/user/0/com.samsung.android.app.notes/files/clipdata/clipdata_bodytext_220821_160303_053.sdocx-->Subject areas suitable for publication are Islamic Law for Economics and Business, Islamic Economics and Business, Islamic philanthropy, waqf, microfinancing, zakat, and Islamic jurisprudence, contracts, arbitration, and product innovation.<!--/data/user/0/com.samsung.android.app.notes/files/clipdata/clipdata_bodytext_230720_075843_849.sdocx--></p> <p>From August edition of Vol. 3 No. 2 onwards, we merely receive submitted articles in <strong>an english-language version</strong>. We would like articles published in Milkiyah to be able to make a wider contribution to readers worldwide. Another reason to consider is that some of the articles have been cited by highly reputable journal (SCOPUS, WOS, EBSCO, ABS, ISLAMICUS Indexing). The level of citations in Google Scholar also shows an upward trend.</p> <p>Our journal is published by Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Negeri Majene under the Study Program of Sharia Economic Law in <a href="https://jurnal.stainmajene.ac.id/index.php/milkiyah/COLLABORATION">collaboration </a>with the Association of Study Programmes and Lecturers of Indonesian Sharia Economic Law referred to as <a href="https://drive.google.com/file/d/1N4C-t0zZFmpIcesuntWZo1fZ5MWjBKTX/view?usp=sharing">POSDHESI</a> and the Professional Organization of Islamic Business and Economics known as <a href="https://drive.google.com/file/d/1dvjz5IfT_M121AXTwASITV56XbnI_1jw/view">FORDEBI.</a></p> <p><strong>CALL FOR PAPER Vol. 3 No. 2 August 2024</strong></p> <p><strong>Milkiyah</strong> invites scholars, academicians, and practitioners to submit their manuscripts all the time. The results are provided in <strong>a few weeks</strong> for possible publication after the submission. If you have unpublished papers in hand and have the idea of making our journal a vehicle for your research interests, please feel free to submit your manuscripts to this journal through our journal management system at <a href="https://jurnal.stainmajene.ac.id/index.php/milkiyah/about/submissions">Submissions</a> or email to milkiyah.jurnalhes@stainmajene.ac.id if you need any assistance.<!--/data/user/0/com.samsung.android.app.notes/files/clipdata/clipdata_bodytext_230121_144600_424.sdocx--></p> en-US ahmad.abbas@stainmajene.ac.id (Ahmad Abbas) atib@stainmajene.ac.id (Atirah) Thu, 21 Mar 2024 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.7 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Determinants of Investment Decision Through Sharia Financial Technology http://jurnal.stainmajene.ac.id/index.php/milkiyah/article/view/662 <p>The level of investment through Islamic Peer-to-Peer (P2P) Lending ascends. This study aims to determine the direct effect of perceived behavioural control, perceived benefit, perceived easiness, and perceived risk on investment decision through sharia peer-to-peer lending. The further purpose is to find out the indirect effect of perceived behavioural control, attitude toward investment, and subjective norm on investment decision through sharia peer-to-peer lending intervened by investment intention. Through primary data distributed using online questionnaire to residents who live in Indonesia and investing through Sharia Financial technology peer-to-peer lending platform, final sample was 135 respondents. The data analysis technique used is Structural Equation Modelling Partial Least Square (SEM-PLS). The result of this study finds that there is a significant effect on the perceived behavioural control, perceived easiness, and perceived risk on investment decision through sharia peer-to-peer lending while the insignificant effect of sharia compliance and perceived benefit on investment decision through sharia peer-to-peer lending has been found. Subsequently, perceived behavioural control, attitude toward investment, and subjective norm have no effect at all on investment decision through sharia peer-to-peer lending intervened by investment intention.</p> Fitria Novianti, Yaser Taufik Syamlan Copyright (c) 2024 Milkiyah: Jurnal Hukum Ekonomi Syariah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 http://jurnal.stainmajene.ac.id/index.php/milkiyah/article/view/662 Thu, 29 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 How did its Charity Go? The Practice of Zakat Management in e-Commerce Platforms http://jurnal.stainmajene.ac.id/index.php/milkiyah/article/view/758 <p>This study delves into the application of <em>zakat</em> within the realm of e-commerce platforms, specifically focusing on the accuracy and accountability of <em>zakat</em> calculation. It underscores the significance of assessing the precision and transparency of <em>zakat</em> collection and distribution within the digital landscape, particularly through platforms like Tokopedia. By employing a qualitative approach with investigative inquiry, the research facilitates a comprehensive comprehension of <em>zakat</em> practices within e-commerce. Data were gathered through thematic exploration, observation, and scrutiny of pertinent documents to ensure conformity with Sharia law. The research underscores the challenges associated with precise <em>zakat</em> calculation and accountability in reporting. Users necessitate clear guidelines for accurate <em>zakat</em> computation, including distinct benchmarks for gold and silver with regularly updated price parameters. Moreover, e-commerce platforms must guarantee transparency in <em>zakat</em> fund reporting. The establishment of policies for monitoring and supervising e-commerce platforms and integrated philanthropic entities is imperative. Additionally, the researcher advocates for further investigations to delve into user preferences concerning <em>zakat</em> practices and recommends collaborative endeavours among philanthropic bodies, governmental entities, and users to enhance charitable practices amidst the dynamic digital landscape.</p> Nely Rahmawati Zaimah, Akhmad Roja Badrus Zaman Copyright (c) 2024 Milkiyah: Jurnal Hukum Ekonomi Syariah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 http://jurnal.stainmajene.ac.id/index.php/milkiyah/article/view/758 Thu, 29 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 The Standard for Allocating Zakat Social Funds as An Operational Expense of Nonprofit Organizations in Indonesia, Sudan and Algeria http://jurnal.stainmajene.ac.id/index.php/milkiyah/article/view/788 <p>Zakat in the socio-economic structure of society needs to be managed productively and professionally so that it leads the welfare of society. This study aims to reveal standards for the allocation of zakat social funds as an operational expense for nonprofit organizations. This research uses a descriptive qualitative type. We analyse secondary data retrieved in nonprofit organizations in three different countries (Indonesia, Sudan and Algeria). The result of the study revealed that Indonesia has two types of zakat management institutions, the National Amil Zakat Agency (BAZNAS) and Amil Zakat Institute (LAZ). Furthermore, Sudan possesses the Sudanese Zakah Chamber (SZC) or the Zakat Council and Algeria has Kotak Zakat. The pattern of zakat collection in Indonesia applies payments with a voluntary principle, however the zakat has been integrated with taxes so that they can submit claims for zakat payments. In Sudan, payments are made on the principle of mandatory for its citizens accompanied by sanctions for those who ignore it and nonmuslims are obliged to pay a social solidarity tax. Meanwhile, in Algeria, payments are made on a mandatory basis for private companies and voluntary for individuals. In addition, in the pattern of zakat distribution, the three countries distribute according to the guidance of the Qur'an (8 Asnaf) but have slight differences in the priority scale in which Indonesia prioritizes distribution to the poor, Sudan prioritizes the needs of each Mustahik and Muzakki is allowed to distribute to relatives as much as 20% of the obligatory zakat, meanwhile Algeria which prioritizes the poor, people in need and Fisabilillah. Then, the standard for the allocation of zakat social funds that may be taken as operational costs for nonprofit organizations handling zakat in the three countries is 12.5%.</p> Nur Rizqi Febriandika, Fatihah Annisa Rohmah Copyright (c) 2024 Milkiyah: Jurnal Hukum Ekonomi Syariah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 http://jurnal.stainmajene.ac.id/index.php/milkiyah/article/view/788 Thu, 29 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Zakat and Waqf Managament in Indonesia and Pakistan: A Comparative Study http://jurnal.stainmajene.ac.id/index.php/milkiyah/article/view/805 <p>Zakat and waqf should be managed well so that they benefit society. This comparative study aims to analyse and compare the management practices of zakat and waqf in Indonesia and Pakistan. This study employs descriptive-comparative approach by analysing relevant literature, policies, and institutional frameworks in the management of zakat and waqf between Indonesia and Pakistan. Findings of this this study reveal that both countries focus on strengthening transparency and accountability in the collection, distribution, and utilization of zakat and waqf funds. Nevertheless, there is a need for increased collaboration and coordination between government institutions, non-governmental organizations, and other stakeholders involved in zakat and waqf management in Indonesia and Pakistan. This study is significant because it has the potential to inform policies and strategies that can maximise the positive impact of zakat and waqf funds, resulting in more inclusive and equitable societies in both countries.</p> Silvya Eka Marenza, Karimuddin Karimuddin Copyright (c) 2024 Milkiyah: Jurnal Hukum Ekonomi Syariah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 http://jurnal.stainmajene.ac.id/index.php/milkiyah/article/view/805 Thu, 29 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Food Buying and Selling without Halal Labels: Case Review in BPJPH of South Sumatera http://jurnal.stainmajene.ac.id/index.php/milkiyah/article/view/834 <p>This study has conducted a small survey at the mini market in Palembang. There are so many foods in circulation that do not yet have a halal label and there are also foods that are labelled halal but contain many dangerous ingredients. This case should be questioned to the Halal Product Guarantee Agency known as BPJPH so that the aim of this study is to examine the legality of purchasing and selling non-halal food products and demonstrate it under the perspective of Sharia Economic Law. In this study, field research was used, using data through interviews with related parties and collecting documentation, then the data was built and analysed using qualitative research methods. The finding of the study discloses that the opinion of the Halal Product Guarantee Agency of the Ministry Religious Affairs in South Sumatera, still allows food that has not been halal-labelled to be sold. Products that do not yet have a halal certificate are not immediately punished but are still given the opportunity to take care of halal certification until 17 October 2024 and have been regulated in Article 33 of the Law of the Republic of Indonesia No. 33 of 2014. The Halal Product Guarantee policy is needed by the community. Therefore, the government continues to strive to accelerate Halal Certification, especially MSME perpetrators. Also, this certification aims to benefit the community so that they consume food and drinks that have legal certainty.</p> Muhammad Bobby, Adela Rahmadani Copyright (c) 2024 Milkiyah: Jurnal Hukum Ekonomi Syariah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 http://jurnal.stainmajene.ac.id/index.php/milkiyah/article/view/834 Thu, 29 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Online Donation for Charitable Giving: The Case of Yayasan Kebaikan Ummat http://jurnal.stainmajene.ac.id/index.php/milkiyah/article/view/848 <p>The burgeoning trend of online donations has assumed prominence within society. This research endeavors to elucidate the intricacies involved in the collection, management, and distribution of online donation by Yayasan Sinergi Kebaikan Ummat. It seeks to identify the contractual frameworks employed in the online donation process, while also examining the legal dimensions of online donations through the lens of Sharia Economic Law. The type of this research is qualitative. Data collection techniques encompass indirect observation, interviews, and documentation review. The data analysis is underpinned by the premise that muamalah activities, whether conducted directly or indirectly, are permissible unless explicitly proscribed. The legal framework governing muamalah derives from the Qur'an and Hadith, which establish the principles congruent with Sharia, aimed at fostering societal justice. The findings of this research reveal that Yayasan Kebaikan Ummat, acting as a campaigner, assumes the role of a third-party intermediary in the donation process. Here, the donor represents the first party, while the online platform serves as the second party. The process of raising donations involves several contractual arrangements, including <em>ijarah</em>, <em>wakalah bil ujrah,</em> and <em>jualah</em> contracts, all of which entail the provision of wages (<em>ujrah</em>). The administration fee established by the platform, termed <em>ujrah</em>, serves as compensation for the campaigner's fundraising assistance. Consequently, online donations facilitated through these platforms are permissible, primarily due to the incorporation of the <em>tabarru'</em> contract within the arrangement.</p> Selvi Apriliani, Cucu Susilawati Copyright (c) 2024 Milkiyah: Jurnal Hukum Ekonomi Syariah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 http://jurnal.stainmajene.ac.id/index.php/milkiyah/article/view/848 Thu, 29 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000